Confidential

The Swiss Guard: the Smallest and Oldest Army in the World

The Swiss Guard, or Pontifical Swiss Guard, is an armed force that has the main goal of protecting the Pope and his residence, the Apostolic Palace. The Swiss Guard is the oldest and smallest active army in the world. History…

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Confidential

The Taliban Regime 2022: What is next?

Summary The Taliban regime, also known as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), was established in August 2021. Indeed, the Taliban took control of parts of the Afghan territory (i.e., Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, and Konduz) after the withdrawal of the…

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Confidential

Pegasus Software and the Rise of Spyware

Introduction Pegasus is a spyware malware existing since 2016 created by the Israeli company NSO Group, operating since 2010. Its role is to provide full access to a smartphone to track criminals and terrorists by exploiting 0-day vulnerabilities. New study…

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Confidential

ISIS 2022: The Cyber Caliphate

Summary The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is a Salafi-Jihadist militant organization operating in Syria and Iraq. In 2019, the territorial defeat of the Islamic State represented an achievement to ensure the termination of the organization. Nonetheless, the…

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Confidential

PMCs: The future frontier of warfare in Afghanistan?

Afghanistan is one example of how PMCs are becoming more important in international conflicts. PMSCs saw a revival in the post-Cold War era due to a drastic increase of unexploited soldier capabilities. PMCs are active in many aspects of 21st-century…

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Influencers
Confidential

Social Media Influencers and Cyber Warfare

Summary: As the number of influencers grow on social media and the internet, countries are recruiting them for a new dimension of cyber warfare. Governments are utilising new forms of psychological operations and censorship of dissidence via social media, by…

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Confidential

World War Propaganda Posters

WW1 propaganda posters, and WW2 propaganda posters, are an essential component of psychological warfare in their involved time periods. World War 1 and 2 were the first Great Wars, and the testing ground for new types of warfare, on a…

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Confidential

Finnish Arctic Policy: 12 Month Outlook

Summary Since the previous Finnish Arctic policy in 2013, climate change has progressed rapidly and it is causing instability in the region and the whole globe. Consequently, it is highly likely that Finnish Arctic policy will encourage the protection of…

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Confidential

Norwegian Arctic Policy: 12 Month Outlook

Summary The Arctic has been an area of international cooperation, but in the last 15 years, it has become an area of competition, both militarily and diplomatically. Norway finds itself in the middle of a power struggle between the United…

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Confidential

Danish Arctic Policy: 12 Month Outlook

Summary Denmark, whilst aiming for peace, sees significant opportunity within the Arctic region. As such, a more assertive Danish Arctic policy has been adopted, and this is likely to continue in the next 12 months. This policy involves increased work…

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