Confidential

Venezuela: Another Syria in the making?

Venezuela will not become “another Syria” for Moscow, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told a Russian state newspaper. This comes after several tense weeks between the US and Russia as both countries exert their muscle for geopolitical control over the…

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Confidential

Frumentarii: The Secret Service of Rome

Frumentarii were a intelligence gathering force in ancient Rome. Their legacy was fascinating to view compared to early espionage practices Unofficially speaking, and as the semi-well-known yet somewhat niche cliché goes, “espionage is the world’s second oldest profession”. From ancient…

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NOHED
Confidential

NOHED: Iran’s Special Forces

Nohed Key Findings NOHED “airborne special forces” Brigade, established in 1959 as part of the Imperial Iranian Special Forces. US Special Forces during the 1960s before the 1979 Iranian Revolution trained the group. Iran mainly utilised NOHED in the Iran-Iraq…

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Confidential

Ratnik: Modern Problems Require Modern Solutions

Modern warfare Ratnik is not just a force development program, it’s a reaction to a contemporary global trend. In the words of comedian Dave Chappelle, “modern problems require modern solutions”. Warfare is no different, and as new geopolitical threats emerge,…

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Top Secret

Hezbollah’s Business Affairs Component

Hezbollah’s Business Affairs Component relies on a network of recruits, sympathisers and non-state actors to obtain profits while maintaining deniability. From donations to extortions, methodologies to obtain funding vary depending on the environment and communities. Why Does This Matter? ‘Hezbollah…

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Confidential

SADAT: Turkey’s Paramilitary Wings Take Flight in Africa

This Grey Dynamics African Intelligence Article analyses the SADAT paramilitary group, and the political de facto implications placed on Turkish-African relations and security amid an increase in cooperation between Turkey and African states. Turkey’s private military contractor, SADAT, has been…

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Confidential

Plausible Deniability: Hezbollah in South America

Plausible deniability is the ability of people, typically senior officials in a formal or informal chain of command, to deny knowledge of or responsibility for any damnable actions committed by others in an organizational hierarchy because of a lack or…

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Confidential

Zaslon: Russia’s Most Secretive Unit

What is Zaslon? Zaslon “Barrier or Screen” is Russia’s most secretive special-purpose unit within the Russian external security service, Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (SVR). It roughly resembles the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) or the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS)–also known…

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Confidential

Iranian Arms Trafficking in the Indian Ocean

In February and March 2016, likely Iranian arms trafficking shipments on stateless “dhow” fishing boats were seized by the Royal Australian Navy, the French Navy, and the US Navy on three occasions. The seizures included not only thousands of AK…

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Confidential

Human Trafficking Supply-chains

Human Trafficking is still a big threat. The coronavirus has not been a significant deterrent for Human trafficking supply-chains. Conflicts, terrorism and lack of opportunities present a vacuum for criminal organisations to exploit, while law-enforcement counter-measures remain fragile. Why Does…

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