Confidential

Troll-on-Troll: Russian-French Cyber Information War in Africa

This Grey Dynamics African intelligence article analyses the misinformation war between Russian and French troll-on-troll actors. It is important to assess the differences in Russian and French information campaigns, but to note the similarity when engaging with one another.  Key…

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Confidential

Russian Paramilitary Presence in Venezuela?

Why Does This Matter? Russia has attracted attention for its increased involvement in Venezuela, particularly following the US sanctions in March 2020. The Russian-Venezuelan relationship was initially ‘purely administrative’. Since 2018, Russian Paramilitary Presence in Venezuela was reported, allegedly including…

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Confidential

Infantry Weapons Recognition in Intelligence Analysis

Infantry weaponry is whatever weapon is carried by forces fighting on foot, and does not need to be platform mounted for use. The weaponry used by infantry is usually specific to the role or regiment, and in the case of…

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Confidential

Nigeria Military Equipment 2021

Nigeria is currently the largest importer of military equipment in sub-Saharan Africa. It is almost certain this is in response to the Nigerian governments ongoing battle with Boko Haram (BH) and Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP). To a lesser…

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Confidential

Ratnik: Modern Problems Require Modern Solutions

Modern warfare Ratnik is not just a force development program, it’s a reaction to a contemporary global trend. In the words of comedian Dave Chappelle, “modern problems require modern solutions”. Warfare is no different, and as new geopolitical threats emerge,…

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Confidential

Lady Death: Lyudmila Pavlichenko, History’s Most Deadly Female Sniper

Lady Death called so for her extraordinary sniper skills was born in Belaya Tserkva, a village near Kyiv, in Ukraine, on the 12th of July 1916. Her father, Mikhail Ivanovich Belov, was a government employee, and her mother, Elena Trofimovna Belova,…

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Confidential

Active Measures: The Tradecraft

Active measures: A short Intro Active Measures (In Russian, “aktivnye meropriyatiya”) was coined in the 1920s. It is a broad concept generally referring to Russian offensive operations that are designed to spread disinformation, deceive, and sabotage foreign nations. In real…

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Confidential

Venezuela’s Gold: Erdogan’s El dorado and Maduro’s Salvation?

Turkey’s recent enthusiasm for Maduro is based on its interests which are not as geopolitical in comparison with those of Russia and China. Both countries sought to assert economic and political influence in the Americas. Economic and political ties between…

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Confidential

Plausible Deniability: Hezbollah in South America

Plausible deniability is the ability of people, typically senior officials in a formal or informal chain of command, to deny knowledge of or responsibility for any damnable actions committed by others in an organizational hierarchy because of a lack or…

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Citizen Spies
Confidential

United States Citizen Spies

“Snitches get Stiches” Citizen spies in the United States may sound absurd, but tactic itself is nothing new in the history of surveillance. Far from it actually. And if the information about a program involving domestic citizen informants is true,…

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