Confidential

Little Blue Men: China & US Privateering

In recent years, China rapidly increased its global power. One of its main focus is the nine-dash line maritime claim. It was rejected going against the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea as part of the line…

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Confidential

SADAT: Turkey’s Paramilitary Wings Take Flight in Africa

This Grey Dynamics African Intelligence Article analyses the SADAT paramilitary group, and the political de facto implications placed on Turkish-African relations and security amid an increase in cooperation between Turkey and African states. Turkey’s private military contractor, SADAT, has been…

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Confidential

Russian Paramilitary Presence in Venezuela?

Why Does This Matter? Russia has attracted attention for its increased involvement in Venezuela, particularly following the US sanctions in March 2020. The Russian-Venezuelan relationship was initially ‘purely administrative’. Since 2018, Russian Paramilitary Presence in Venezuela was reported, allegedly including…

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Confidential

Why is Russia Building Military Bases in Sudan?

The German newspaper Bild has brought to light that Russia is building military bases in Sudan. This would be a significant increase from the military footprint that it already possess within the state. There were reports and video evidence in…

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Confidential

Wagner in CAR: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part VI

Wagner in CAR is an essential weapon in the hybrid warfare arsenal of the Kremlin. By utilizing Wagner and other private military companies (PMCs), the Russian state enforces its existing spheres of influence.With a focus not only on existing spheres…

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Confidential

Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part V

This series of articles have explored the activity of the Russian private military company (PMC) Wagner in Africa. Links between subsidiary companies, Wagner management, and links to GRU & Ministry of Defence (MOD) has been established. Despite reports of Russian…

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Wagner: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part III

  Another war-torn mineral-rich state ripe for Russian arms, investment, and cooperation were the Central African Republic (CAR) in late 2017. In 2016, France formally ended its military mission in the CAR, leaving the responsibility of the security situation on…

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Confidential

Wagner: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part II

By mid-2017, two Russian companies had received contracts in Syria offering security services in return for natural resources. Evro Polis, as mentioned in Part 1, was to receive 25% of natural gas and oil produced from fields in which they…

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VEGA Strategic Services
Confidential

VEGA Strategic Services and Venezuela

Summary VEGA Strategic Services (also Vegacy) is a rather shadowy organization hailing from Ukraine and supporting the Maduro regime in Venezuela. In 2011, the group was founded in Ukraine by members of elite special forces unites from Ukraine and Russia….

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Confidential

Pegasus Software and the Rise of Spyware

Introduction Pegasus is a spyware malware existing since 2016 created by the Israeli company NSO Group, operating since 2010. Its role is to provide full access to a smartphone to track criminals and terrorists by exploiting 0-day vulnerabilities. New study…

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