Confidential

The Black Panther Party and their Foreign Affairs

Key Judgements KJ-1. – BPP likely contributed more to US foreign policy interests than advancing ideological or political concerns. Cleaver and the international branch positioned the US on an inherent advantage against states which provided support and protection to the…

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Confidential

The Information Research Department: The Foreign Office’s Propaganda Bureau

The Information Research Department (IRD) was a propaganda department of the UK’s Foreign Office from 1948 to 1977. The IRD is one of the UK’s best-kept counterintelligence secrets. Whilst documents are usually declassified after 30 years, the IRD still has…

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Confidential

Agent 355 – George Washington’s Unknown Female Spy

Agent 355 is the protagonist of a story where the main actor identity still remains unknown nowadays. The Culper Ring (Culper Spy Ring), was an American intelligence organisation. General George Washington set up this organisation and Major Benjamin Tallmadge supervised…

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Confidential

Giorgio Marincola: The Black Partisan

Giorgio Marincola was born on the 23rd of September 1923 in Mahaday, a town north of Mogadishu, Somalia. His father, Giuseppe Mrincola, was an Italian infantry officer in the Somali colonies and his mother, Aschirò Hassan, was a Somali woman born…

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Confidential

Wagner in CAR: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part VI

Wagner in CAR is an essential weapon in the hybrid warfare arsenal of the Kremlin. By utilizing Wagner and other private military companies (PMCs), the Russian state enforces its existing spheres of influence.With a focus not only on existing spheres…

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Confidential

The Counterintelligence Failures of Britain’s Secret Police Part II

Undercover officers from the Metropolitan Police enjoyed several successes over 40 years in missions to infiltrate environmental, political and animal rights-activism groups and identify and disrupt planned protect activities, serious political violence and public disorder. Superior capabilities and access to…

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Confidential

Mauritanian Spartacus: Will Put an End to Slavery?

While enjoying rapid economic growth in the 21stcentury, largely a product of fishing along its 700-kilometre long coastline and exploiting its abundance of minerals, most notably iron, copper, phosphate, and gold – Mauritania has failed to transform this growth into…

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Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part V

      This series of articles have explored the activity of the Russian private military company (PMC) Wagner in Africa. Links between subsidiary companies, Wagner management, and links to GRU & Ministry of Defence (MOD) has been established. Despite…

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Wagner: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part IV

    Libya had amassed a debt of no less than $4.6 billion to Russia by 2008, largely stemming from the Soviet era. President Putin travelled to Libya and met Gaddafi in ’08 and wrote off the entire debt. In…

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Wagner: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part III

  Another war-torn mineral-rich state ripe for Russian arms, investment, and cooperation were the Central African Republic (CAR) in late 2017. In 2016, France formally ended its military mission in the CAR, leaving the responsibility of the security situation on…

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