Confidential

Hawala in Somalia: Link to Money Laundering & Terrorist Financing

Hawala in Somalia: a summary Hawala (meaning “to transfer”) is an Islamic-compliant money remittance system used worldwide. Whilst Hawala networks provide a lifeline for sending and receiving money in many communities, Hawala systems in Somalia also provide a relatively unregulated…

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Confidential

Somalia and the Fight Against Al-Shabaab

Somalia is facing a period of chaos and insecurity. Not only because of its current political situation mainly linked to the upcoming elections but also because of the humanitarian crisis affecting the country. Key Judgments KJ-1.    The UN arms embargo…

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Confidential

DANAB: Somalia’s Lightning Commandos

Danab Commandos are headquartered in the Baledogle US military base, approximately 100km from the Somalian capital of Mogadishu.   Key Judgement  Formed in 2014, the Danab ‘lightning’ Commandos is now regarded as Somalia’s most professional and capable fighting force. The…

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Confidential

Kenyan Backed Jubaland Forces Attempt to Invade Somali Town

This Grey Dynamics African intelligence article focuses on analysing the hostilities between the parties involved and the Jubaland Forces. Africa Researcher at Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED), Mohamednoor Daudi Ismail, informed Grey Dynamics that at least 14…

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Confidential

Turkish Drones Circling Somalia as Election Violence Looms

While Somalia has agreed to de-escalate tensions with Kenya, President Mohamed Farmaajo, with the assistance of Turkey, will likely fortify FSG assets in the Gedo region with Turkish drones. This is likely to be in the pursuit of a position…

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Confidential

Mali Coup: A New Junta, but What is Next?

The military staged a coup and took power on the 18th of August 2020 in Mali, following months of protests and attempts to mediate by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The Coup originated from a military base in Kati,…

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Confidential

A Long-running Fairy Tale Undercut in Somalia

Risk assessment concerning geopolitics and the Federal Republic of Somalia But this fairy tale is again cruelly disrupted after the information was obtained and revealed from various sources in Somalia, and subsequently confirmed by at least three other independent sources…

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Confidential

Mali: A Terrorists’ Gold Mine

Overview Gold mining is Mali’s main industrial activity and it is the fourth-largest producer of gold in Africa. In addition to gold, Mali also exports diamonds, bauxite, iron ore, base metals, and phosphate. Although the country used to occupy the…

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Confidential

Recent Developments in Mali’s Struggle Against Terrorism

In late October, ISIS supreme leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi was killed in a US raid in North-Western Syria. However, ISIL disposes of a horizontal structure, meaning the elimination of the leader does not bring substantial damage to the group…

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Confidential

Somali-Kenya relations cracked but not broken

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) has postponed a hearing first raised by Somalia in 2014, over a Somalia Kenya maritime dispute concerning an approximately 100,000 square kilometre area in the Indian Ocean until June 8, 2020. Both countries lay…

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