Confidential

Operation Condor: The Communist Threat in Latin America

Operation Condor Operation Condor integrated state terror across South America during the Cold War, after successive military coups. From 1975 to 1977 military regimes in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, and Argentina rounded up thousands of people. These were suspected of…

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Confidential

The Threat of Hezbollah in Latin America

While an Iranian and U.S. standoff heats up, a lower intensity effort against the Iranian proxy group Hezbollah in Latin America is underway. This month, Argentina became the first country in the region to designate Hezbollah as a “terrorist” organization and…

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Confidential

The Paraguayan People’s Army: Latin America’s Enduring Insurgency

The Paraguayan People’s Army (EPP) is one of the first violent organizations to appear after the Cold War in Latin America and one of the last ideologically-based, non-state armed groups in the region. In a continent suffering from widespread drug-trafficking…

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Confidential

The Crime Dilemma: The Rise of Private Security in Latin America

Criminal violence in Latin America has reached epidemic proportions despite gains in poverty reduction, education, health and overall living standards. The response of many governments, corporations, and the wealthy in Latin America has been to invest heavily in private security,…

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Confidential

Plausible Deniability: Hezbollah in South America

Plausible deniability is the ability of people, typically senior officials in a formal or informal chain of command, to deny knowledge of or responsibility for any damnable actions committed by others in an organizational hierarchy because of a lack or…

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Confidential

Gangsters Paradise: South America’s Triple Frontier

The Triple Frontier or the Tri-Border Area (TBA) where Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil meet, is a popular tourist spot for the Iguazu Falls, but also a major smuggling route. The area has also been called “the United Nations of crime,”…

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Top Secret

Hezbollah’s Business Affairs Component

Hezbollah’s Business Affairs Component relies on a network of recruits, sympathisers and non-state actors to obtain profits while maintaining deniability. From donations to extortions, methodologies to obtain funding vary depending on the environment and communities. Why Does This Matter? ‘Hezbollah…

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Confidential

Cartel and Mafia Cooperation

  Why Does This Matter? Although official reports of cooperation between cartels and the Mafia date to 2012, Italian mafias continue to have a significant presence in South America. It is almost certain that the ‘Ndrangheta developed a network in…

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Confidential

Russian Paramilitary Presence in Venezuela?

Why Does This Matter? Russia has attracted attention for its increased involvement in Venezuela, particularly following the US sanctions in March 2020. The Russian-Venezuelan relationship was initially ‘purely administrative’. Since 2018, Russian Paramilitary Presence in Venezuela was reported, allegedly including…

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Confidential

Russian Intervention Central African Republic

This Grey Dynamics intelligence report will utilize OSINT in order to provide diagnostical and predictive analysis on Russian intervention in the CAR, with a focus on the geopolitical, military, and economic spheres.    Key Judgements KJ-1. It is highly likely…

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