Ghana’s Oil
Confidential

Ghana’s Newfound Oil Wealth: Blessing or Curse?

Ghana’s oil industry overview Ghana’s oil industry dates to 1960, when the first company was established – Ghana Oil Company (GOIL). Although it debuted as a private company, in 2007 GOIL became public. As for now it represents Ghana’s top…

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Confidential

Tensions Occur Between Ghana, Nigeria and China Over Retail Business

This report seeks to offer a predictive analysis of the retail tensions between Ghana and Nigeria. For collection and processing the author used OSINT, therefore the report is safe to be further distributed. Key Judgements KJ-1. The economic relations between…

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Confidential

Flintlock: Improving Sahel Security With Special Forces Training

Key Judgements  KJ-1. Flintlock likely resulted in a stronger partnership and enhanced proficiency in tactical skills between the participating African nations and their Western counterparts. The very fact that the participating nations are willing to be part of the exercise…

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Umkhonto we Sizwe
Confidential

Umkhonto we Sizwe: The Armed Struggle of ANC in South Africa

Spear of the Nation Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) was created on the 16th of December 1961, as the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC).  In the light of the African nationalism and the anti-apartheid movement, Nelson Mandela founded the…

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Confidential

Troll-on-Troll: Russian-French Cyber Information War in Africa

This Grey Dynamics African intelligence article analyses the misinformation war between Russian and French troll-on-troll actors. It is important to assess the differences in Russian and French information campaigns, but to note the similarity when engaging with one another.  Key…

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Confidential

Wagner in CAR: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part VI

Wagner in CAR is an essential weapon in the hybrid warfare arsenal of the Kremlin. By utilizing Wagner and other private military companies (PMCs), the Russian state enforces its existing spheres of influence.With a focus not only on existing spheres…

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Confidential

AI in Africa: Fourth Industrial Revolution or Thorn in the Horn?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is part of a technological development that will heavily impact humans in the very near future. This development is labelled as the Fourth Industrial Revolution, a combination of AI, Internet of Things, blockchain, 3D printing and other…

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Cabo Verde Narco-State
Confidential

Cabo Verde: Another Narco-State in West Africa?

Cabo Verde is an island-state off the West African coast. It is home to around 500,000 residents who use tourism and transportation as their primary means of living. The former Portuguese colony gained its independence 40 years ago and since…

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Confidential

Europe’s Cocaine, Africa’s Trouble

Key Judgements While networks operate across the entire West Africa, Guinea Bissau represents the regional hub and transit zone for drug exports shipped from Latin America to Europe. As part of this network, West Africa suffers the most. There are…

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Confidential

‘The Game Has Changed’: Iranian Terror Network in Africa

On January 2nd, U.S. Defence Secretary Mark T. Esper, following the U.S. airstrike assassination of Gen. Qaseem Soleimani, stated: “the game has changed”. This is true as the airstrike marked a shift in a proxy war between Washington and Iran…

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