COVID-19 & UN MONUSCO

COVID-19 has likely not impacted the running of the MONUSCO mission in the DRC in a significant way presently. Key Judgements KJ-1. Previous logistical chains created for reacting to the previous Ebola epidemic will likely mean MONUSCO has a realistic probability…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Impact of COVID-19 on the MINUSCA Mission

In this Grey Dynamics report, we will be focusing on the impact of COVID in the two areas above in the case of UN MINUSCA in the Central African Republique. “There is likely to be similarities in how officials go…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Al-Shabaab In the Age Of COVID-19

Breakdown There is a significant risk that Al-Shabaab can regroup and re-surge amid the COVID-19 outbreak, as government forces and assets are redirected to tackle the pandemic. A withdrawal of foreign military aid in the form of AMISOM and AFRICOM…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

COVID-19 & Illicit Drug Trade

Over the past seven months, the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in an international interruption the global illicit drug trade. Global markets have had to endure disruption in supply chains and distribution lines resulting from shelter-in-place initiatives and work-force reduction. Illicit…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Crime in Caracas: Losing a Deterrence Capability

What to take Crime in Caracas evolved significantly after the Chavez & Maduro government began to informally cooperate with organised crime in 2013. Simultaneous to that evolution, the government used paramilitary bodies like colectivos to reduce any type of opposition….

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Illicit Mercury Market: Guayana´s Case

Illicit Mercury Market: A Background Illicit mercury markets are a current big threat. The Minamata Convention, established in 2013,  is a global effort to decrease the use of mercury in mining. Countries like Guyana ratified the agreement, dropping mercury imports…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Hawala in Somalia: Link to Money Laundering & Terrorist Financing

Hawala in Somalia: a summary Hawala (meaning “to transfer”) is an Islamic-compliant money remittance system used worldwide. Whilst Hawala networks provide a lifeline for sending and receiving money in many communities, Hawala systems in Somalia also provide a relatively unregulated…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

The Venezuela-Colombia Border Conflict

The border that separates Venezuela and Colombia hosts armed groups and former paramilitaries that to control the illicit trade market

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Somalia and the Fight Against Al-Shabaab

Somalia is facing a period of chaos and insecurity. Not only because of its current political situation mainly linked to the upcoming elections but also because of the humanitarian crisis affecting the country. Key Judgments KJ-1.    The UN arms embargo…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

DANAB: Somalia’s Lightning Commandos

Danab Commandos are headquartered in the Baledogle US military base, approximately 100km from the Somalian capital of Mogadishu.   Key Judgement  Formed in 2014, the Danab ‘lightning’ Commandos is now regarded as Somalia’s most professional and capable fighting force. The…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]