Confidential

The Caravan Hunters: Task Force Curtain

The Caravan War What are the options available when facing an actor in an unconventional warfare environment? To cut off the supply chain and limit long-term operating capabilities, for example. In 1984, the Soviet Union decided to attempt this strategy…

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Confidential

Marion Frieswyk: The First Female Intelligence Cartographer

Marion Frieswyk was a 21-year-old graduate student when the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) headhunted her for the Cartography Department of the Map Section of the OSS. Whilst at the time, the OSS did have women working within the Map…

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1st carabinieri paratroopers regiment tuscania
Confidential

The 1st Carabinieri Paratroopers Regiment “Tuscania”

The 1st Carabinieri Paratroopers Regiment “Tuscania” is a military unit of the Italian Carabinieri. This unit comprises paratroopers, and it is based in the Vannucci Barracks, in Livorno. This unit is part of the 2nd Carabinieri Mobile Brigade and it…

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Confidential

Crime in Caracas: Losing a Deterrence Capability

What to take Crime in Caracas evolved significantly after the Chavez & Maduro government began to informally cooperate with organised crime in 2013. Simultaneous to that evolution, the government used paramilitary bodies like colectivos to reduce any type of opposition….

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Confidential

British Mercenaries and Colombian Cartels

British mercenaries arrived twice in Colombia in a 3-year period with the objective of targeting FARC headquarters and Pablo Escobar. Aid from the Medellin Cartel, Colombian Armed Forces and the Cali Cartel provided the sponsorship needed to carry out each…

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Confidential

Wagner in CAR: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part VI

Wagner in CAR is an essential weapon in the hybrid warfare arsenal of the Kremlin. By utilizing Wagner and other private military companies (PMCs), the Russian state enforces its existing spheres of influence.With a focus not only on existing spheres…

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Confidential

The Cali KGB: Counterintelligence and the Cali Cartel

The Cali Cartel: Netflix, Narcos and Context Netflix and social media romanticised for years the reign of both the Medellin and Cali Cartel in Colombia. Cartel leaders like Pablo Escobar attract more attention than historical accounts. This adds to an…

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Confidential

CJNG Cartel Terror on Both Sides of the Border

This Grey Dynamics article examines different aspects of the Cártel de Jalisco Nueva Generación (CJNG), ranging from the ways they function in the US, as well as the issues they face within Mexico and within their ranks.   This Grey…

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Narco-submarines, Cartels, Drug-trafficking and Corruption

Narco-submarines, tunnels, narco-planes, or mules have been employed by Drug Trafficking Organisations (DTO) and Cartels since the 1980s. Why Does This Matter? The rise in the use of ‘narco-submarines’ since 1993 has been followed by a rise in narco-submarine seizures…

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Confidential

Cartel and Mafia Cooperation

  Why Does This Matter? Although official reports of cooperation between cartels and the Mafia date to 2012, Italian mafias continue to have a significant presence in South America. It is almost certain that the ‘Ndrangheta developed a network in…

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