Confidential
Confidential
Intelligence Failure
Confidential
Confidential

Hawala in Somalia: Link to Money Laundering & Terrorist Financing

Hawala in Somalia: a summary Hawala (meaning “to transfer”) is an Islamic-compliant money remittance system used worldwide. Whilst Hawala networks provide a lifeline for sending and receiving money in many communities, Hawala systems in Somalia also provide a relatively unregulated…

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Confidential

The Cali KGB: Counterintelligence and the Cali Cartel

The Cali Cartel: Netflix, Narcos and Context Netflix and social media romanticised for years the reign of both the Medellin and Cali Cartel in Colombia. Cartel leaders like Pablo Escobar attract more attention than historical accounts. This adds to an…

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Confidential

Al-Shabaab In the Age Of COVID-19

Breakdown There is a significant risk that Al-Shabaab can regroup and re-surge amid the COVID-19 outbreak, as government forces and assets are redirected to tackle the pandemic. A withdrawal of foreign military aid in the form of AMISOM and AFRICOM…

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Confidential

Recent Developments in Mali’s Struggle Against Terrorism

In late October, ISIS supreme leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi was killed in a US raid in North-Western Syria. However, ISIL disposes of a horizontal structure, meaning the elimination of the leader does not bring substantial damage to the group…

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Confidential

Is Africa the next frontier for IS?

In recent months the African continent has witnessed the strengthening of the Jihadi Salafist movement. Multiple attacks have been conducted by the IS and its affiliates across several regions in Africa. The Salafi-jihadi movement currently has four main centers of…

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Confidential

The Emergence of the Islamic State in the DRC

On the 18th of April 2019, Islamic State (IS) claimed its first attack in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In its statement IS mentioned the “Central Africa Province” of the “caliphate”, in reference to a potentially new IS front on…

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Confidential

Rio’s Rampant Militias

In January 2018, newly inaugurated President Jair Bolsonaro was faced with his first scandal after Brazil’s biggest newspaper linked Bolsonaro’s son Flávio to members of one of Rio’s most notorious militias and crime syndicate. President Bolsonaro campaigned and won the…

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Confidential

Chad Rebellion: A Violent Family Feud

Idriss Déby, the President of Chad, fought of rebellion since mounting a coup from Darfur in 1990 with great support from its former colonial power France. After the coup in 1990, his two nephews and twin brothers Tom and Timan…

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