Confidential

Hawala in Somalia: Link to Money Laundering & Terrorist Financing

Hawala in Somalia: a summary Hawala (meaning “to transfer”) is an Islamic-compliant money remittance system used worldwide. Whilst Hawala networks provide a lifeline for sending and receiving money in many communities, Hawala systems in Somalia also provide a relatively unregulated…

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Confidential

Nigeria Military Equipment 2021

Nigeria is currently the largest importer of military equipment in sub-Saharan Africa. It is almost certain this is in response to the Nigerian governments ongoing battle with Boko Haram (BH) and Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP). To a lesser…

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Confidential

Somalia and the Fight Against Al-Shabaab

Somalia is facing a period of chaos and insecurity. Not only because of its current political situation mainly linked to the upcoming elections but also because of the humanitarian crisis affecting the country. Key Judgments KJ-1.    The UN arms embargo…

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Confidential

The Cali KGB: Counterintelligence and the Cali Cartel

The Cali Cartel: Netflix, Narcos and Context Netflix and social media romanticised for years the reign of both the Medellin and Cali Cartel in Colombia. Cartel leaders like Pablo Escobar attract more attention than historical accounts. This adds to an…

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Confidential

Al-Shabaab In the Age Of COVID-19

Breakdown There is a significant risk that Al-Shabaab can regroup and re-surge amid the COVID-19 outbreak, as government forces and assets are redirected to tackle the pandemic. A withdrawal of foreign military aid in the form of AMISOM and AFRICOM…

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