Confidential

Moroccan Influence: Expansion and Regional Presence

Confidential

BOEL: Spanish Legion’s Elite

Confidential

Operation Anthropoid: A Semi-Improvised Assassination

Confidential

Fake News: Misinformation vs. Disinformation

Confidential

The Forgotten Rogue Nuclear Power of Africa

It is easy to think first of Iran or North Korea as aspiring and actual rogue nuclear nations respectively when asked about this subject. To others still, Israel and its purported nuclear deterrent may occur first. However, there was (until…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

British Military Playing Catch-up on Sub-Threshold Conflict

The British Military and Government are attempting to catch up to Russia and Hybrid Warfare Tactics, but a significant gap still exists. While this gap is being closed, Russia is operating with an advantage and has gained a strategic edge….

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

AFCON 2019: Is Egypt secure enough to host the African Cup of Nations?

The 2019 Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON) was originally scheduled to be held in Cameroon this summer from 15 June to 13 July. In a meeting of the Confederation of African Football (CAF) on 30 November 2018, Cameroon was officially…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Black Magic: Witchcraft and Warfare

Black magic and witchcraft in African societies predate the spread of Christianity and Islam in the continent. What is seen as magic and ritual, has its roots in traditional African religions. Additionally, it is the consequences of colonialism and Christian…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]

Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part V

      This series of articles have explored the activity of the Russian private military company (PMC) Wagner in Africa. Links between subsidiary companies, Wagner management, and links to GRU & Ministry of Defence (MOD) has been established. Despite…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]

Wagner: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part IV

    Libya had amassed a debt of no less than $4.6 billion to Russia by 2008, largely stemming from the Soviet era. President Putin travelled to Libya and met Gaddafi in ’08 and wrote off the entire debt. In…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]

Wagner: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part III

  Another war-torn mineral-rich state ripe for Russian arms, investment, and cooperation were the Central African Republic (CAR) in late 2017. In 2016, France formally ended its military mission in the CAR, leaving the responsibility of the security situation on…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Wagner: Russia’s ‘Non-State State Actor’ Part II

By mid-2017, two Russian companies had received contracts in Syria offering security services in return for natural resources. Evro Polis, as mentioned in Part 1, was to receive 25% of natural gas and oil produced from fields in which they…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]
Confidential

Wagner in Africa: Russia’s Non-State State Actor’ Part I

This is the first of a series of articles concerning the Russian security company, Wagner in Africa. In 2013, an advertisement for security jobs started appearing on Russian websites with a military content. The advertisement promised $5,000 a month for…

  • [cbxwpbookmarkbtn]