Confidential

Hezbollah’s Business Affairs Component

Hezbollah’s Business Affairs Component relies on a network of recruits, sympathisers and non-state actors to obtain profits while maintaining deniability. From donations to extortions, methodologies to obtain funding vary depending on the environment and communities. Why Does This Matter? ‘Hezbollah…

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Confidential

British Mercenaries and Colombian Cartels

British mercenaries arrived twice in Colombia in a 3-year period with the objective of targeting FARC headquarters and Pablo Escobar. Aid from the Medellin Cartel, Colombian Armed Forces and the Cali Cartel provided the sponsorship needed to carry out each…

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Grey Wolves: Turkey’s Shadow Network Facing Backlash in Europe

Grey Wolves was founded by Alparslan Türkeş in 1969, a former Turkish Army colonel, in what he described as a response to the country moving away from nationalist principles. Key Judgement  KJ-1. The Grey Wolves’ (Bozkurtlar/Ülkü Ocakları) ultra-nationalistic and Islamist…

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CJNG Cartel Terror on Both Sides of the Border

This Grey Dynamics article examines different aspects of the Cártel de Jalisco Nueva Generación (CJNG), ranging from the ways they function in the US, as well as the issues they face within Mexico and within their ranks.   This Grey…

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Narco-submarines, Cartels, Drug-trafficking and Corruption

Narco-submarines, tunnels, narco-planes, or mules have been employed by Drug Trafficking Organisations (DTO) and Cartels since the 1980s. Why Does This Matter? The rise in the use of ‘narco-submarines’ since 1993 has been followed by a rise in narco-submarine seizures…

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Narco links between South America and Africa

  Why does this matter?   Criminal organisations and ‘Cartels’ dedicated to drug trafficking in South America enjoy a significant presence across Africa apart from traditional markets like the United States. An informal business model has been established between South…

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Ryuk Ransome Attacks: Hospitals Targeted

  Key Judgements   KJ-1. Ryuk ransomware attacks vastly increased during 2020. From almost obscurity in 2019, Ryuk now accounts for a third of all ransomware attacks.   KJ-2. UNC1878 is the threat actor behind the largest percentage of all…

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The Passive Transatlantic Criminal Network?

  Why Does This Matter?   Although official reports of cooperation with Mexican cartels date to 2012, Italian mafias continue to have a significant presence in South America.   It is almost certain that the ‘Ndrangheta developed a network in…

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DisrupTor: Fighting the Dark Web Drug Trade

  Key Judgments   Operation DisrupTor is the latest in a string of operations targeting the dark web illicit trade marketplaces. Managing to secure over 500KG of illegal drugs, it has likely destabilised the drug trade online in the short-term. Despite…

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Transit Hub: What Becomes of Angola’s Drug Business

Key Judgements   KJ-1. Angola’s fight against drug abuse and trafficking is inefficient   KJ-2. There is a realistic probability that the drug business receives support from people within the Angolan government.   KJ-3. There is a realistic probability that…

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