Confidential
Confidential
Intelligence Failure
Confidential
Confidential

Kuratong Baleleng: The Crime Syndicate that Ruled the Philippines

‘Kuratong Baleleng’ is the name of a notorious Filipino crime syndicate whose activities include murder, trafficking, robbery, and illegal gambling. Kuratong Baleleng: A Timeline 1984 – Kuratong Baleleng founded by the military as an anti-communist militia. 1988 – Kuratong Baleleng…

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Confidential

The IK-2 Correctional Colony

The IK-2, the Corrective Colony No. 2 of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia for Vladimir Oblast is located 60 miles east of Moscow, in Pokrov. This Russian prison is a “red-zone” corrective labour colony. This means that the prisoners’…

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Confidential

Rosewood Logging: A Means for Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing

Rosewood: Summary Rosewood Trade is a lucrative one – rosewood is the single most illegally trafficked natural product globally. This trade is primarily fuelled by enormous demand from China. The traditional Chinese Hongmu furniture market relies heavily on imported rosewood…

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Confidential

Elections in Peru: Importance of Legitimacy, Corruption & Polarisation

Key Assessments of the Peruvian Elections It is unlikely that elected officials reduce social, economic, health and security issues in Peru in the short-term. Polarisation and reactive campaigning and an increase in public polarisation, make it difficult for effective policy…

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Confidential

Radiological Dispersal Devices and Hospital Waste: A Dirty Conundrum

Radiological Dispersal Devices detonated in an urban centre could result in psychological terror. In the world of intelligence, we like to think we are ready for anything. Contingency plans, schemes of manoeuvre, tactics, techniques and procedures… all plans of action…

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Confidential

John M Steele: the Paratrooper of Sainte-Mère-Église

John M Steele: Early life John M Steele was born in Metropolis, Illinois (US) on the 29th of November 1912. His father, also named John, piloted freight boats on the waters of Ohio. His mother, Josephine, took care of their…

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Confidential

The Rhodesian Bush War & Intelligence Operations

The Rhodesian Bush War was a civil war in Africa taking place between July 1964 to December 1979. Primary belligerents were Rhodesia, the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and the Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU). The ZANU and ZAPU were…

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Confidential

Frumentarii: The Secret Service of Rome

Frumentarii were a intelligence gathering force in ancient Rome. Their legacy was fascinating to view compared to early espionage practices Unofficially speaking, and as the semi-well-known yet somewhat niche cliché goes, “espionage is the world’s second oldest profession”. From ancient…

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Confidential

Combatting Disinformation in the 21st Century

Countering Disadvantage: Why Does This Matter? The arrival of COVID-19 mixed together a rise both in misinformation as well as disinformation. With uncertainty being the norm, the activity of bots spreading disinformation doubled during the early quarantine in 2020. While…

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Confidential

William Adams: The English Samurai

William Adams was born on the 24th of September 1564, in Gillingham, a town in the county of Kent, England and was the first white Samurai. Adams lived his childhood in comfort since his family was quite wealthy until the…

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